2006.450.1: Eye Chart, 1911-1960

Additional Images

2006.450.1: Eye Chart.
Image No. 2170 ; Photographer: Helen Kingsley

Object Description

Hanging eye chart 'For the facilitation of a Medical Eye Examination'. Two hanging holes punched with metal eyelets with cord threaded through. Printed on back 'The test type is a normal 6 meter one scaled down for use at a distance of three meters (9' 10"). The other side of the chart is covered with a washable surface and may be cleaned with a DAMP cloth. IMPORTANT It must be emphasized that the test type is in no way intended to be a substitute for a full eye examination. Printed in England'.

Object Classification

Accession Number: 2006.450.1
Collection: Ophthalmology
Date: 1911-1960

Object Dimensions

  • Length: 27 cm
  • Width: 11.5 cm
  • Depth: 0.2 cm

Object Parts

Object Materials

  • card,
  • copper alloy,
  • cord,
  • paper,
  • printing ink

Acquisition Detail

  • Owner: Dr. Andrew Davidson
  • History of Use: Used by Dr. Andrew Davidson [1885-1972] a military doctor and a noted dermatologist who served in both WW1 and WW2. He served in France as an officer [Captain] for the Royal Army Medical Corps (1915-1917) and in the Canadian Army Medical Corps (1917-1919), specializing in the diagnosis and treatment of venereal and skin diseases. In 1939, he returned to active military service with the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel and was involved in the institution of the PULHEMS system. This is a system for classification of soldiers, the acronym stands for: P – physical capacity, U – upper extremity, L – locomotion, H – hearing, E – eyesight, M – mental capacity, S – stability of emotions. After the war, Dr. Davidson moved from Winnipeg to Vancouver, where he was in practice in association with his son, Dr. Kenneth Davidson. In 1947, Dr. Davidson was elected as the founding president of the Canadian Dermatological Association, and was a winner of the Sabouraud Medal for research in dermatology.